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Orthodontic Waves , the official journal of the Japanese Orthodontic Society, is published in March, June, September and December of every year under the supervision of the Editorial Board of JOS, which selects all materials submitted for publication.

Guide for authors - Orthodontic Waves - ISSN

The aim of this journal is to foster the advancement of orthodontic research and practice. Orthodontic Waves will receive materials prepared and submitted according to these instructions. However, we reserve the right to make any changes necessary to make the contribution conform to the editorial standards of the journal, as deemed by the Editorial Board based on the recommendations of the reviewers.

Articles must deal with original research, clinical research, case reports, and short communications, not previously published or being considered for publication elsewhere. Short communications should contain prompt, brief, and definitive information of adequate significance. Any contributions accepted for publication will become the copyright of this journal. No responsibility is assumed by the Editorial Board for the opinions or the ethics expressed by the contributors. The work shall not be published in any other publication in any language without prior written consent of the publisher.

Authors will be guided step-by-step through uploading files directly from their computers. Electronic PDF proofs will be automatically generated from uploaded files, and used for subsequent reviewing. For queries concerning the submission process or journal procedures please visit the Elsevier Support Center.

Authors can check the status of their manuscript within the review procedure using Elsevier Editorial System. Conflict of Interest All authors must disclose any financial and personal relationships with other people or organizations that could inappropriately influence bias their work. Declare the instances of conflict of interest or its nonexistence just before the References section.

Preprints Please note that preprints can be shared anywhere at any time, in line with Elsevier's sharing policy. Sharing your preprints e. Elsevier supports responsible sharing Find out how you can share your research published in Elsevier journals. Peer review This journal operates a double blind review process. All contributions will be initially assessed by the editor for suitability for the journal.

Papers deemed suitable are then typically sent to a minimum of two independent expert reviewers to assess the scientific quality of the paper. The Editor is responsible for the final decision regarding acceptance or rejection of articles. The Editor's decision is final. More information on types of peer review. Manuscript Format Manuscripts should be written clearly in English. All manuscripts must be covered with a title page including the title within 25 words , type of article and three to five key words.

The pledge statement attached to this journal must be accompanied with manuscript. At certain stages, some teeth are targeted to move while others are designed to serve as anchors. MOP can easily be incorporated into our orthodontic mechanics. It can be selectively applied to target areas to enhance tooth movement in one region while preventing anchorage loss in another as treatment dictates. The progressive nature of orthodontic treatment mechanics renders procedures that can only be applied once or twice throughout the treatment, such as corticotomy and piezocision, unfavorable.

These procedures can cause more extensive trauma in broader areas, therefore stimulating a higher amount of proinflammatory cytokines. Although they can be preferable in certain clinical situations, the level of inflammatory markers decreases significantly 2—3 months after surgery. Therefore, if a longer distance of tooth movement is required, MOP is the procedure of choice as it can be applied periodically until the desired movement is achieved.

Application of MOP on particular locations can selectively decrease the bone density around the target tooth while the bone density around the anchor unit remains unchanged. This results in titrated rates of tooth movement among two different units.

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MOP can also facilitate root movement, which is deemed to be the most difficult movement to accomplish in orthodontics. By activating osteoclasts and decreasing the bone density, MOP can decrease the stress on the root during movement and therefore decrease the possibility of root resorption. Applying the same logic, MOP should be considered during segmental intrusion in adults, during which there is a possibility of root resorption as a result of the high-stress root apices bear. Although the application of MOP in accelerated orthodontics is gaining popularity, its usage is not limited to accelerating tooth movement.

As scientific evidence expands and more translational research is conducted at CTOR, we discovered a variety of clinical applications that can generate revolutionary changes in our specialty. These two phases have a specific chronological order. This in turn has proven that certain statements in the existing literature are misleading. More importantly, we discovered that based on Biphasic Theory, MOP can indeed expand treatment boundaries in orthodontics.

How Good Is The Research Behind Orthodontics? By Prof John Mew

It allows us to treat adult, complex cases which were deemed surgical cases with a nonsurgical treatment option. A simplified description of biphasic theory is that activation of osteoblasts by osteoclasts is observed during tooth movement where the bone resorption phase of tooth movement catabolic phase is followed by a bone formation phase anabolic phase to prevent bone loss during tooth movement. A similar phenomenon can be stimulated during movement of a tooth into an area of alveolar bone loss.

These areas usually are occupied with a thick cortical bone that is short in height and narrow in width. Moving a tooth in this area is usually extremely slow, can cause root resorption and usually results in tilting the crown into the edentulous space without significant root movement. Applying MOP in this edentulous area harnesses the catabolic phase of orthodontic treatment to decrease the bone density. This allows faster tooth movement into the area with less possibility of root resorption and greater bodily movement rather than tipping.

This osteoclast activity then increases osteoblast activity significantly, which couples catabolism-dependent tooth movement with anabolism-dependent remodeling that restores the bone height and width in the previously edentulous site.

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Such phenomenon can be utilized for implant site development or tooth movement into maxillary edentulous areas that have extensive sinus pneumatization. Alveolar cortical bone sets the physical and physiological limits of orthodontic tooth movement. While a tooth can be driven through the cortical plate if the orthodontic force applied to it has sufficient magnitude, direction and duration, the speed of cortical bone remodeling is slow enough that appropriately directed forces rarely place any tooth in danger of breaching the physical limit set by the cortical bone.

However, orthodontists face a conundrum when they have a borderline extraction case where expansion would provide the ideal space needed to unravel the crowding, but the alveolar boundary conditions are not robust enough to tolerate the expansion. Therefore, it would be beneficial for orthodontists to manipulate these boundary conditions by increasing bone formation at the surface of the cortical bone.

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  • Application of MOP in the opposite direction of orthodontic tooth movement can stimulate osteoclasts that will first decrease the bone density of cortical bone, and second stimulate osteoblast activity in the direction of movement. This treatment results in the drifting of the cortical plate into a new position with significant bone formation in the direction of tooth movement. This is especially important during movement of teeth toward the cortical boundaries, for example, during expansion in adults or retraction of lower anterior teeth during correction of severe class III patients.

    The mission of CTOR is to build a bridge between academia and industry to allow both parties to advance and eventually improve clinical care. It offers an open environment within which basic scientists and clinicians can interact, exchange ideas, select and pursue research in specific areas of Craniofacial Biology and Orthodontics. There are many other areas in orthodontics that are worth exploring. CTOR has been conducting various studies including in vitro studies, animal studies and clinical trials to advance our understanding in key areas of orthodontic and bone biology research, such as molecular orthodontics, mechanotransduction, accelerated tooth movement, craniofacial development, tissue engineering, regulation of skeletogenesis, and gene therapy.

    The results of these studies have been extensively published in major peer-reviewed journals and books. In addition, as technology advances and new techniques emerge, every practitioner will need periodically updated training at some point of their careers.

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    We selected MOP as our model to demonstrate how CTOR function as a driving force in this innovation, from conceptualization, conducting basic research and clinical trials, and eventually commercializing the device. This has expedited the realization process of MOP and therefore clinicians and patients around the world can benefit from scientific research.

    In addition, we believe that as technology advances and new techniques emerge, continuous learning to keep oneself up to date is essential for every clinician to provide the best care to all the patients. Skip to content. Experts Corner. A successful story of translational orthodontic research: Micro-osteoperforation-from experiments to clinical practice. Address for Correspondence: Dr. E-mail: ychou post. Part 3: Orthodontics Clinical. Part 4: Orthodontics Research.

    Part 1: Science of Orthodontics.

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    A dental qualification plus at least two years post-qualification experience. You will be asked to submit the following documents in order for your application to be considered:. A personal statement of up to 4, characters maximum 2 pages is required. Applicants must demonstrate a focused interest in orthodontics. Please note you will not be eligible for an application fee refund if you apply after the first application deadline and places are filled before the final deadlines above and we are unable to process more offers.

    If you don't have a suitable qualification for direct entry to a UK university, or if English isn't your first language, our academic preparation courses can help you get ready for study in the UK. When you receive an offer for this course you will be required to pay a non-refundable deposit to secure your place. The deposit will be credited towards your total fee payment.

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